Shasa Orozco, Writer

This week’s article is going to be about the interesting facts about Artesia New Mexico. Artesia is a city in Eddy County, United States, centered at the intersection of U.S. Artesia, city, Eddy county, southeastern New Mexico, U.S., near the Pecos River. It originated in 1890 as a stop on the old stagecoach route between Roswell and Carlsbad. As a livestock-shipping point on the Pecos Valley Southern Railway (completed 1894), it was known as Stegman. Artesia is well known for the chile and oil fields. Artesia is a small friendly town and a lot goes on in this town.

First inhabited in 1903, it is named for the artesian wells that provide water to meet municipal needs as well as irrigation for the surrounding agricultural area. Fallout Shelter was built in Artesia during the height of the Cold War. The school had no windows and had “emergency entrances” rather than emergency exits. It is now known as Abo Elementary School and is on the National Register of Historic Places. Artesia’s train depot is now the Historical Train Depot and Visitor Center. Local history and art are on display at the Artesia Historical Museum and Art Center in the historic Moore-Ward House.New Mexico State University operates an agricultural science center in Artesia. There is also a branch campus of Eastern New Mexico University. Health needs of area residents are met by Artesia General Hospital, which opened in 1939.

The combined efforts of the business community, civic leaders and government agencies have enabled Artesia to foster a healthy entrepreneurial environment and diversified economy. The result has been steady and sustainable growth over the past decade with petroleum and agriculture leading the way. This is an exciting era for Artesia as it experiences valuable and desirable growth that sets a perfect stage for excellent business opportunity. Landmark projects such as the unique Heritage Walkway and the restored historic Artesia Depot have infused new life and vibrancy into the community. Neighborhood programs have helped restore numerous historic landmarks and buildings to their original luster.